The article provides an analysis of the military-political situation in the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region in 1992-1994. The authors consider the events taking into account synchronous global trends of globalization. The new technological order gave rise to centrifugal and destructive processes on the periphery of the world system. The attempt to form national statehood in Tajikistan was blocked due to the disunity of various ethno-local groups of the population. Various actors were involved in the bloody civil war which lasted from 1992 to 1997. Before the war, their activities were checked by an alternative world development project and effective control over border regions. The policy of democratization, cultural “revival”, promotion of private initiative and foreign investment which began during the “restructuring” era opened the region for criminal-financial flows (drug trafficking) and migrants from neighboring Afghanistan. The attempts to raise status of the GBAO and legitimize the Autonomous Republic of Badakhshan were not successful; participation of a large number of actors aggravated the situation and did not contribute to the unity of the Pamir. The drivers of regionalization of the global era secured the peripheral status of the self-proclaimed republic; the infrastructural dependence on external forces fragmented the Pamir.

Translated title of the contributionОкраина империи в водовороте глобализации: Горный Бадахшан в 1992-1994 гг.
Original languageEnglish
Article number388
Pages (from-to)2884-2890
JournalThe European Proceedings of Social & Behavioural Sciences Ep-SBS
Publication statusPublished - 28 Dec 2019
EventSCTCMG 2019 - Social and Cultural Transformations in the Context of Modern Globalism - Грозный
Duration: 14 Jun 201915 Jun 2019

Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

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