Abstract

Ambiguity plays an important role in our everyday cognitive experience. Since the 1980s, the neural bases for the perception of ambiguous information have been investigated but remains poorly understood. In our previous research, an increase of the N400 ERP component was found to be a common response for the perception of two different types of ambiguous stimuli: “canned” verbal jokes and ambiguous figures (Shcherbakova, Filippova, 2016; Filippova, Shcherbakova, Shtyrov, 2018). The current experiment aimed to understand the relationship between the error related negativity (ERN) component arising from jokes and ambiguous figures mistaken for non-humoristic texts and non-ambiguous figures. Fourteen participants (<u>9</u> females) went through two similar experimental procedures with 36 ambiguous and 36 non-ambiguous figures; 14 verbal jokes and 14 similar but non-humoristic short stories. Firstly, participants were presented with figures of both types and asked to identify whether each figure was ambiguous or non-ambiguous. We recorded ERPs that were time-locked to each answer about ambiguity/non-ambiguity of the figure presented. Secondly, participants were presented with the verbal stories and asked to identify whether each story was a joke or not. In this case, ERPs were timelocked to each answer about the key phrase of a joke/non-joke presented word-by-word on the computer screen after the whole text. But we found an increase of the ERPs’ negativity in ambiguous figures that were mistaken for non-ambiguous ones in the ERN time window (Fz (F(3,622) = 12,6; p < 0.00) and Cz (F(3,625) = 6,96; p < 0.00)). Also, the results revealed no increase of the ERPs’ negativity in verbal jokes that were mistaken for non-jokes in the ERN time window. The results show that participants appeared to be sensitive (without awareness) to ambiguous figures that were identified as non-ambiguous ones. The level of this unconscious sensitivity is therefore reflected by the increases in negativity. When a participant cannot correctly identify ambiguous stimulus at a conscious level, increases in negativity may be indexing greater violations of incongruence within an internal representation of meaning. These violations may precede semantic reversion of ambiguous figures and the understanding of a joke’s meaning. Supported by RFBR (Dpt of Humanities and Social Sciences) grant &#x100000;'-17-06-01014 А and RFBR grant &#x100000;'-18-013-01086.
Original languageEnglish
Pages57
Number of pages1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Sep 2018
Event19ht World congress of psychophysiology: International organisation of psychophysiology - Lucca/Italy, Lukka
Duration: 4 Sep 20188 Sep 2018
Conference number: 19
https://iopworld.wildapricot.org/Scientific-Program

Conference

Conference19ht World congress of psychophysiology
Abbreviated titleIOP2018
CountryItaly
CityLukka
Period4/09/188/09/18
Internet address

Cite this

@conference{e2c7361ef1254a4dbbb41030cd31fa8d,
title = "Unconscious detection of verbal and non-verbal ambiguous stimuli",
abstract = "Ambiguity plays an important role in our everyday cognitive experience. Since the 1980s, the neural bases for the perception of ambiguous information have been investigated but remains poorly understood. In our previous research, an increase of the N400 ERP component was found to be a common response for the perception of two different types of ambiguous stimuli: “canned” verbal jokes and ambiguous figures (Shcherbakova, Filippova, 2016; Filippova, Shcherbakova, Shtyrov, 2018). The current experiment aimed to understand the relationship between the error related negativity (ERN) component arising from jokes and ambiguous figures mistaken for non-humoristic texts and non-ambiguous figures. Fourteen participants (9 females) went through two similar experimental procedures with 36 ambiguous and 36 non-ambiguous figures; 14 verbal jokes and 14 similar but non-humoristic short stories. Firstly, participants were presented with figures of both types and asked to identify whether each figure was ambiguous or non-ambiguous. We recorded ERPs that were time-locked to each answer about ambiguity/non-ambiguity of the figure presented. Secondly, participants were presented with the verbal stories and asked to identify whether each story was a joke or not. In this case, ERPs were timelocked to each answer about the key phrase of a joke/non-joke presented word-by-word on the computer screen after the whole text. But we found an increase of the ERPs’ negativity in ambiguous figures that were mistaken for non-ambiguous ones in the ERN time window (Fz (F(3,622) = 12,6; p < 0.00) and Cz (F(3,625) = 6,96; p < 0.00)). Also, the results revealed no increase of the ERPs’ negativity in verbal jokes that were mistaken for non-jokes in the ERN time window. The results show that participants appeared to be sensitive (without awareness) to ambiguous figures that were identified as non-ambiguous ones. The level of this unconscious sensitivity is therefore reflected by the increases in negativity. When a participant cannot correctly identify ambiguous stimulus at a conscious level, increases in negativity may be indexing greater violations of incongruence within an internal representation of meaning. These violations may precede semantic reversion of ambiguous figures and the understanding of a joke’s meaning. Supported by RFBR (Dpt of Humanities and Social Sciences) grant &#x100000;'-17-06-01014 А and RFBR grant &#x100000;'-18-013-01086.",
author = "Горбунов, {Иван Анатольевич} and Филиппова, {Маргарита Георгиевна} and Щербакова, {Ольга Владимировна}",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2018.07.396",
language = "English",
pages = "57",
note = "null ; Conference date: 04-09-2018 Through 08-09-2018",
url = "https://iopworld.wildapricot.org/Scientific-Program",

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TY - CONF

T1 - Unconscious detection of verbal and non-verbal ambiguous stimuli

AU - Горбунов, Иван Анатольевич

AU - Филиппова, Маргарита Георгиевна

AU - Щербакова, Ольга Владимировна

PY - 2018/9/5

Y1 - 2018/9/5

N2 - Ambiguity plays an important role in our everyday cognitive experience. Since the 1980s, the neural bases for the perception of ambiguous information have been investigated but remains poorly understood. In our previous research, an increase of the N400 ERP component was found to be a common response for the perception of two different types of ambiguous stimuli: “canned” verbal jokes and ambiguous figures (Shcherbakova, Filippova, 2016; Filippova, Shcherbakova, Shtyrov, 2018). The current experiment aimed to understand the relationship between the error related negativity (ERN) component arising from jokes and ambiguous figures mistaken for non-humoristic texts and non-ambiguous figures. Fourteen participants (9 females) went through two similar experimental procedures with 36 ambiguous and 36 non-ambiguous figures; 14 verbal jokes and 14 similar but non-humoristic short stories. Firstly, participants were presented with figures of both types and asked to identify whether each figure was ambiguous or non-ambiguous. We recorded ERPs that were time-locked to each answer about ambiguity/non-ambiguity of the figure presented. Secondly, participants were presented with the verbal stories and asked to identify whether each story was a joke or not. In this case, ERPs were timelocked to each answer about the key phrase of a joke/non-joke presented word-by-word on the computer screen after the whole text. But we found an increase of the ERPs’ negativity in ambiguous figures that were mistaken for non-ambiguous ones in the ERN time window (Fz (F(3,622) = 12,6; p < 0.00) and Cz (F(3,625) = 6,96; p < 0.00)). Also, the results revealed no increase of the ERPs’ negativity in verbal jokes that were mistaken for non-jokes in the ERN time window. The results show that participants appeared to be sensitive (without awareness) to ambiguous figures that were identified as non-ambiguous ones. The level of this unconscious sensitivity is therefore reflected by the increases in negativity. When a participant cannot correctly identify ambiguous stimulus at a conscious level, increases in negativity may be indexing greater violations of incongruence within an internal representation of meaning. These violations may precede semantic reversion of ambiguous figures and the understanding of a joke’s meaning. Supported by RFBR (Dpt of Humanities and Social Sciences) grant &#x100000;'-17-06-01014 А and RFBR grant &#x100000;'-18-013-01086.

AB - Ambiguity plays an important role in our everyday cognitive experience. Since the 1980s, the neural bases for the perception of ambiguous information have been investigated but remains poorly understood. In our previous research, an increase of the N400 ERP component was found to be a common response for the perception of two different types of ambiguous stimuli: “canned” verbal jokes and ambiguous figures (Shcherbakova, Filippova, 2016; Filippova, Shcherbakova, Shtyrov, 2018). The current experiment aimed to understand the relationship between the error related negativity (ERN) component arising from jokes and ambiguous figures mistaken for non-humoristic texts and non-ambiguous figures. Fourteen participants (9 females) went through two similar experimental procedures with 36 ambiguous and 36 non-ambiguous figures; 14 verbal jokes and 14 similar but non-humoristic short stories. Firstly, participants were presented with figures of both types and asked to identify whether each figure was ambiguous or non-ambiguous. We recorded ERPs that were time-locked to each answer about ambiguity/non-ambiguity of the figure presented. Secondly, participants were presented with the verbal stories and asked to identify whether each story was a joke or not. In this case, ERPs were timelocked to each answer about the key phrase of a joke/non-joke presented word-by-word on the computer screen after the whole text. But we found an increase of the ERPs’ negativity in ambiguous figures that were mistaken for non-ambiguous ones in the ERN time window (Fz (F(3,622) = 12,6; p < 0.00) and Cz (F(3,625) = 6,96; p < 0.00)). Also, the results revealed no increase of the ERPs’ negativity in verbal jokes that were mistaken for non-jokes in the ERN time window. The results show that participants appeared to be sensitive (without awareness) to ambiguous figures that were identified as non-ambiguous ones. The level of this unconscious sensitivity is therefore reflected by the increases in negativity. When a participant cannot correctly identify ambiguous stimulus at a conscious level, increases in negativity may be indexing greater violations of incongruence within an internal representation of meaning. These violations may precede semantic reversion of ambiguous figures and the understanding of a joke’s meaning. Supported by RFBR (Dpt of Humanities and Social Sciences) grant &#x100000;'-17-06-01014 А and RFBR grant &#x100000;'-18-013-01086.

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2018.07.396

DO - 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2018.07.396

M3 - Abstract

SP - 57

ER -