The article examines the specifics of the Finnish design program. The features of its formation are examined in the context of two main areas — national romanticism and international style, that is associated with the tradition of architectural modernism. The study proceeds from the assumption that design in Finland forms a specific art program. The peculiarity of this platform is the balance of national and international forms, the desire to use elements of the national tradition and the system of international style. The work proceeds from the assumption that the peculiarity of Finnish design is the use of international forms and the concept of international style. These international elements take place in the process of creation of national identity. This relation of national and international, the reference to the artistic system of Finnish design, implies the formation of national program. The specific of this system is the use of the principles and forms of the international style in the artistic practice. The concept of Finnish design links national romantic concepts with the principles of architectural modernism and international style. The Finnish art program of the 20th century was realized through universal forms of international system. The study proceeds from the assumption that the international program can be recognized as a product of national romanticism. The article shows that many concepts of European modernism were formed on the basis of national romantic programs. Nevertheless, the design system in Finland not only supported this balance, but also expressed internal identity through the forms of the international art program. The platform of European modernism, included in the system of international style, has become for Finland one of the ways of representation of nation.
|Translated title of the contribution||National Romanticism and International Style: to the Problem of Identity in the Design in Finland|
|Journal||Человек, культура, образование|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|