Наука и техника в сатирических изданиях Российской империи 1870-1910-х гг.

Translated title of the contribution: Science and Technology in Satirical Periodicals of the Russian Empire of the 1870s−1910s

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Abstract

The article is devoted to study the social history of science and technology in Russia on the example of
satirical publications of the 1870s−1910s, which published stories, sketches, notes and cartoons, which were
a response to such realities of the era as the domestication of technology, belief in miraculous inventions,
human defenselessness before the onset of technology and obscurantism of the uneducated audience.
The source base of the research was the materials of satirical publications published in the Russian Empire
(“Budil’nik”, “Strekoza”, “Schut”, “Iskra”, “Satyricon”, “Oskolki”). The author comes to the conclusion that
science and technology were integral heroines of domestic satirical publications of pre-revolutionary Russia.
They gave writers and artists a lot of new bright metaphors and images. On the one hand, in the reviewed
publications can be found skepticism about the potential for technical innovations to change the world for
the better, mocking fanatical inventors and had a real basis of the fear of technical innovations, able to kill
and maim. At the same time, the publications were consistent advocates of knowledge and education.
The objects of criticism were superstitions, prejudices, belief in pseudoscientific ideas and obscurantism, and
the vices of the uneducated public. Various aspects of “shadow science” and the careerism of pseudoscientists
were also exposed.
Translated title of the contributionScience and Technology in Satirical Periodicals of the Russian Empire of the 1870s−1910s
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)188-205
Number of pages18
JournalBylye Gody
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • History
  • Political Science and International Relations

Keywords

  • Caricature
  • History of technology
  • Journalism
  • Satire
  • Science and society
  • Shadow science
  • Spiritualism

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