Младший партнер? Юрьевский университет второй половины XIX – начала XX вв. в судьбах столичных универсантов

Translated title of the contribution: THE JUNIOR PARTNER? YURIEV UNIVERSITY OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX-EARLY XX CENTURIES IN THE DESTINIES OF THE CAPITAL'S UNIVERSALISTS

Евгений Анатольевич Ростовцев, Дмитрий Александрович Сосницкий

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Abstract

This article focuses on the trajectories of academic careers and the fate of students, graduates and employees of the Metropolitan University who taught at the Dorpat / Yuriev University in the XIX-early XX centuries. Among them are leading scientists, specialists in various fields of knowledge-astronomers A. N. Savich, N. V. Levitsky, K. D.Pokrovsky, geologists E. K. Hoffman, N. I. Andrusov, F. Yu. Levinson-Lessing, V. V. Bogachev, historians M. A. Diakonov, E. F. shmurlo, I. I. Lappo, E. V. Tarle, lawyers D. D. Grimm, B. V. Nikolsky and many others. Based on published and archived sources, as well as reference publications, the stages of academic career of teachers were reconstructed, and various data related to their collective portrait were analyzed. It was determined representatives of which “generations” of Saint-Petersburg University graduates were most often in the ranks of Dorpat/Yuriev University. The fate of some representatives of the faculty after emigration was traced. It is noted that the imperial legislation governing the teaching service facilitated the outflow of scientific personnel from the capital to the University of Dorpat/Yuriev University and served to Russify it. Argumentative suggestions about the nature of mutual migration of researchers within different spheres of knowledge are presented in this article. There is an evidentiary opinion that Dorpat / Yuriev Universityserved as a kind of “staff reserve” for St. Petersburg/Petrograd University at the turn of XIX - XX centuries and it was a good start of academic career for many St. Petersburg scholars who later returned to the capital of the empire.
Translated title of the contributionTHE JUNIOR PARTNER? YURIEV UNIVERSITY OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX-EARLY XX CENTURIES IN THE DESTINIES OF THE CAPITAL'S UNIVERSALISTS
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)94-109
JournalКЛИО
Issue number11(167)
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • DORPAT UNIVERSITY
  • Yuriev University
  • Saint Petersburg University
  • Petrograd university
  • BIOGRAPHICS
  • professors
  • TEACHERS
  • COLLECTIVE PORTRAIT
  • HISTORY OF SCIENCE
  • History of universities

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