The article deals with instances of using the Russian prohibitive construction «мальчикам нельзя…» /boys should not…/ from the point of view of a broad discursive context including both the speaker’s utterance and verbal reactions of other interlocutors. Traditionally prohibitives with “нельзя” are viewed as a way of expressing deontic modality. However, when analysed as part of real discourse interactions, prohibitives with social role indications tend to demonstrate more complex modal meanings: deontic meaning of “нельзя” is enriched with axi-ological meaning of “bad”, the prohibition being based on the fact that some actions are negatively evaluated by a linguocultural community. The study’s objective is to show how prohibitives of this type are related to social stereotypes (viewed as a significant part of shared sociocultural knowledge). The author touches upon three main issues: a) directionality of the prohibition, b) thematic groups classification and c) the speaker’s awareness of stereotype and the degree of critical thinking. The article shows that prohibition can be related both to the person expressed as Obj dat in the construction and to other people implied; it is of special interest that constructions with this role sometimes demonstrate miscorrelation between how formally the action expressed with the infinitive is related to Obj dat or the implied Others and whose actions are actually prohibited from the cognitive point of view. It is also shown that, depending on the degree of awareness and criticism, the construction can take part in transmitting the existing stereotypical expectations about a social role or in modifying them, anyway it works as a social regulator.
|Translated title of the contribution||Boys should not CRY: Stereotypical role expectations in prohibitions functioning as social regulators|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||ВОПРОСЫ КОГНИТИВНОЙ ЛИНГВИСТИКИ|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2018|
Scopus subject areas
- Language and Linguistics
- Linguistics and Language