Логика теологического спора в книге Иова: критика интерпретации Маймонида в еврейской философской экзегезе XIV века.

Ури Гершович

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The article discusses the critical understanding of Maimonides’ interpretation of the Book of Job, representing a theological debate on Divine Providence. Maimonides ascribes certain assessments on this issue to Job and his friends, linking their opinions to some theological or philosophical schools of the 10th-12th centuries, developed in the context of Arabic culture. A number of Jewish exegetes, who were working in a diverse cultural context and were writing in Hebrew, such as Joseph Ibn Kaspi and Gersonides, considered this distribution of opinions an anachronism. Being Maimonidean followers, they nevertheless criticized the distribution of opinions between Job and his friends proposed in The Guide of the Perplexed. The main argument of this criticism was logic. We will discuss the origins of such an approach and analyze some nuances of logical solutions, suggested by Maimonidean followers, juxtaposing them with a range of problems touched upon in The Guide of the Perplexed in regards to the Book of Job.
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)75-93
JournalВопросы теологии
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • divine Providence
  • exegesis
  • Gersonides
  • Joseph Ibn Kaspi
  • logic
  • maimonides
  • The book of Job
  • The Guide of the Perplexed
  • божественное провидение
  • Герсонид
  • Йосеф Ибн-Каспи
  • книга Иова
  • логика
  • Маймонид
  • Путеводитель растерянных
  • экзегеза

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