Linguistic and cognitive bases of differentiation of conceptual metaphors and metonymy

Svetlana V. Kiseleva, Nella A. Trofimova, Irina B. Rubert

Research output


The paper analyzes the interaction of metaphor and metonymy, known as metaphtonymy, and its functioning in the context on the basis of verbs with semantics “to separate”. It discusses the main models of metaphtonimic
projection: metaphor and metonymy; metonymy–metaphor–metonymy; metaphor based on metonymy (partially or fully); metonymy based on metaphors. The relevance of this study lies in the lack of study of cognitive values from the standpoint of metaphor and metonymy interaction in conditions of intersection of verbs close in meaning with semantics “to separate”. The novelty of this work lies, firstly, in the consideration of the mechanism of
formation of the basic cognitive schemas of metaphtonymic meanings, in how the phrase can acquire a new or additional meaning depending on the location of words in the context, and secondly, it is the study of the mechanism of metaphtonymy formation in conditions of intersection of close verbs with the semantics “to separate”.
Metaphors and metonymies are effective means of conceptualizing new elements of the modern worldview, since as concepts become more complex, the mechanisms of naming the surrounding reality become more complex too.
Metaphtonymy is an example of such more complex structures. The basis of metaptonymy (the term is proposed by L. Goossens (1990)) is based on the principles of integration processes of metaphorical and metonymic blending.
Such a complex unit can combine the properties of both metaphors and metonyms. More recent studies have provided more refined and systematic patterns of interaction between metaphor and metonymy (cf. Ruiz de
Mendoza and Galera-­‐Masegosa, 2011). However, our corpus of analysis suggests that further developments are needed in order to fully account for the complexities of verb with semantics of separation interpretation.
Following J. Lakoff, L. Goossens, metaphor is considered as the projection of elements of different conceptual domains: the source domain and the target domain, metonymy is understood as a projection of adjacent elements
of one conceptual domain [Lakoff, 1987; Gossens, 2002]. A cognitive approach to analysis of metaphor and metonymy can be considered as conceptual interaction in the complex and reach to metaphtonimic modeling. Also
this approach reveals the interaction of metaphors and metonymy as a complex mechanism of the formation of meanings, as realized in context. The results of this study can contribute to the theory of metaphor, metonymy, secondary language nomination.
Translated title of the contributionЛингвистические и когнитивные основания разграничения концептуальной меьафоры и метонимии
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLinguistic Perspectives on the Construction of Meaning and Knowledge
EditorsBrian Nolan, Elke Diederichsen
Place of PublicationNewcastle upot Tyne
PublisherCambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN (Electronic)1-5275-3899-0
ISBN (Print)9781527538993
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019

Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

Cite this

Kiseleva, S. V., Trofimova, N. A., & Rubert, I. B. (2019). Linguistic and cognitive bases of differentiation of conceptual metaphors and metonymy. In B. Nolan, & E. Diederichsen (Eds.), Linguistic Perspectives on the Construction of Meaning and Knowledge (pp. 222-245). Cambridge Scholars Publishing.