Кто Виноват? Паттерны присвоения вины и ответственности в сетевых дискуссиях об иммигрантах в россии и германии

Research outputpeer-review

Abstract

The conflicts between host communities and re-settlers from global or post-Soviet 'South' and public discussions on such conflicts have become a vivid feature of today’s public spheres in both Europe and Russia. Discussions in social media may put pressure upon immigration policing, as they reflect both consensual and conflictual public moods. Thus, it is crucial to know who (including actors and institutions) social media users see as the culprits in this conflict and who is expected to resolve these problems. We look at four Twitter discussions on the conflicts involving re-settlers in Russia and Germany of 2013–16 and assess whether the user type correlates with blaming and responsibility patterns. We also describe the discursive strategies of blaming in the two countries. The methods of data collection and analysis include vocabulary-based web crawling, expert evaluation of user types, manual coding of tweets, and descriptive statistics. Our results suggest that, contrary to expectations, the blaming patterns are similar: the main blame is put on regional authorities and police, federal government and national leaders, and immigrant groups. While blaming them, people expect the resolution of the conflicts from the federal government, who is seen to be responsible for immigration policies. Also, while in Germany we detect fierce mutual blaming by pro-nationalist and feminist groups partly compensated by neutral media discourse, in the world of Russian Twitter, we see a one-sided blaming of authorities and immigrants in the absence of institutional mediation of the discussion, as well as low expectations of non-violent political resolutions of inter-ethnic tensions.

Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)627-644
Number of pages18
JournalZhurnal Issledovanii Sotsial'noi Politiki
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

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Russia
immigrant
responsibility
twitter
social media
Federal Government
regional authority
immigration policy
descriptive statistics
mood
mediation
coding
vocabulary
immigration
data analysis
police
Group
expert
leader
discourse

Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration

Cite this

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title = "Кто Виноват? Паттерны присвоения вины и ответственности в сетевых дискуссиях об иммигрантах в россии и германии",
abstract = "The conflicts between host communities and re-settlers from global or post-Soviet 'South' and public discussions on such conflicts have become a vivid feature of today’s public spheres in both Europe and Russia. Discussions in social media may put pressure upon immigration policing, as they reflect both consensual and conflictual public moods. Thus, it is crucial to know who (including actors and institutions) social media users see as the culprits in this conflict and who is expected to resolve these problems. We look at four Twitter discussions on the conflicts involving re-settlers in Russia and Germany of 2013–16 and assess whether the user type correlates with blaming and responsibility patterns. We also describe the discursive strategies of blaming in the two countries. The methods of data collection and analysis include vocabulary-based web crawling, expert evaluation of user types, manual coding of tweets, and descriptive statistics. Our results suggest that, contrary to expectations, the blaming patterns are similar: the main blame is put on regional authorities and police, federal government and national leaders, and immigrant groups. While blaming them, people expect the resolution of the conflicts from the federal government, who is seen to be responsible for immigration policies. Also, while in Germany we detect fierce mutual blaming by pro-nationalist and feminist groups partly compensated by neutral media discourse, in the world of Russian Twitter, we see a one-sided blaming of authorities and immigrants in the absence of institutional mediation of the discussion, as well as low expectations of non-violent political resolutions of inter-ethnic tensions.",
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year = "2018",
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AU - Bodrunova, Svetlana S.

AU - Smoliarova, Anna S.

AU - Achkasova, Vera A.

AU - Blekanov, Ivan S.

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