The Comintern, “Negro Self-Determination” and Black Revolutions in the Caribbean

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Abstract

The article discusses the slogan of “Negro self-determination” adopted by the Communist International and the traces of its influence on post-Comintern political transformations in the Caribbean. Particular attention is paid to the establishment of Afro-centric regimes in Haiti and Grenada. It is argued that the events in these two countries after the Second World War bear visible traces of the influence of the pre-war Comintern propaganda. Haiti experienced a regime, which combined Afro-centric and Communist rhetorics with severe anti-communist repression. Grenada experienced a more complex transformation, which started with the “trade union revolution” of 1951 and continued with a short-lived Socialist revolution of 1979 led by the New Jewel Movement. The political transformations in Grenada, crushed as a result of internal fighting and foreign military intervention in 1983, had a significant Caribbean and Afro-centric component, probably the closest to the ideals of the Comintern.

Translated title of the contributionКоминтерн, "самоопределение негров" и черные революции в Карибском регионе
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
JournalInterfaces Brasil/Canadá
Volume20
StatePublished - Oct 2020

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