The article based on the materials of the Russian State Historical Archive and the Russian State Historical Archive of the Far East characterizes the migration policy pursued by the central and regional authorities in the Far East of the Russian Empire. The active phase of peasant migration from European Russia and Siberia mainly touched upon the period of Stolypin transformations. While in the Amur region Russian colonization carried out in the territories prepared and relatively well developed in terms of infrastructure, Kamchatka and Sakhalin lacked attention and funding from the authorities. The Sakhalin Katorga, which lasted for more than 20 years, even after its abolition had an impact not only on the legal status of local residents, but also on the funding of the new settlers. The porto franco system, as an integral part of the policy of economic support for the Far East suburbs, accompanied by cheap labor from Northeast China since the 1870s and 1880s. It is noteworthy that all attempts to abolish porto franco accompanied by numerous discussions about the "yellow danger" and the need to strengthen Russian influence in the region.
Translated title of the contributionColonization, Migration and Porto Franco in the Far East of Russia in the late 19th – early 20th centuries
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)206-214
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Political Science and International Relations

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