«Законы Хаммурапи» в контексте истории Южной Месопотамии периода ранней древности

Translated title of the contribution: THE LAWS OF HAMMURAPI IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EARLY HISTORY OF SOUTHERN MESOPOTAMIA

Нэлли Владимировна Козырева

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Abstract

The stage of ancient Mesopotamia history within the framework of which the formation and initial development of Mesopotamian civilization took place (3500-1500) conditionally called the period of early antiquity or early urbanization. Its beginning can be considered from the formation in South Mesopotamia in the middle of the 4-th mill. BC of large autonomous and self-ruling urban systems and its end came with the decline of cities and the destruction of their economic systems in the middle of the 2nd mill. BC. Over the course of almost 2000 years the conditions in which urban systems of Southern Mesopotamia were formed and to which they were originally completely adapted gradually changed in comparison with the beginning of the period under the influence of both natural (ecology), and political, and social (changing the ethnic composition of the population as a result of migration) factors. Nevertheless the traditional structure of Southern Mesopotamian urban systems with a certain level of internal self-government in general terms was maintained throughout the period of early antiquity. The most famous historical artifact of this time, known as the Laws of Hammurabi compiled at the end of this era were undoubtedly the most outstanding monument of this era and can certainly be considered a monument to the whole period of early urbanization in South Mesopotamia.
Translated title of the contributionTHE LAWS OF HAMMURAPI IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EARLY HISTORY OF SOUTHERN MESOPOTAMIA
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)223-249
JournalМнемон
Issue number18-1
StatePublished - 2018

Scopus subject areas

  • History

Keywords

  • SOUTHERN MESOPOTAMIA
  • EARLY URBANIZATION
  • CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES
  • MIGRATION MOVEMENTS
  • social regulation
  • LAWS OF HAMMURABI
  • DEURBANIZATION

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