Женщины нацистской Германии в зеркале советской карикатуры (на материале журнала «Крокодил»)

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Abstract

The article deals with analysis of the images of the Nazi Germany women created by the Soviet propaganda during the Great Patriotic War by means of satirical graphics. The base of the research is the caricatures published in the “Crocodile” magazine in June 1941 — May 1945. The author demonstrates that the comic images of the German women were considered as an important part of forming the enemy image and effective weapon of war propaganda. The “Crocodileˮ’s representations of the German women were ambivalent. On the one hand, the magazine represented them as victims of the Nazi regime that deemed to be misogynous in its essence. On the other, forming the image of total otherness of the Nazi Germany, the caricaturists assigned responsibility for the Nazi crimes at least to a part of female population. The negative image of the German women was produced as an antipode of the Soviet woman. That is why, apart from typical for war propaganda representations of the enemy women as deviating from the canons of traditional womanhood, the German women were attributed with the characteristics that juxtaposed them to the ideal of the Soviet woman: the lack of self-esteem, courage, and intellect. The German women were endowed with cruelty, the lack of compassion, greediness, egoism, inability to love, cowardice, and profligacy; the poverty of their worldview in which anti-Communist and racist prejudices dominated was emphasized. The specific feature of the “Crocodile” representations of these traits was that they became the object of not only condemning but mocking as well.
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)84-92
Number of pages9
JournalUral'skij Istoriceskij Vestnik
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts

Cite this

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title = "Женщины нацистской Германии в зеркале советской карикатуры (на материале журнала «Крокодил»)",
abstract = "The article deals with analysis of the images of the Nazi Germany women created by the Soviet propaganda during the Great Patriotic War by means of satirical graphics. The base of the research is the caricatures published in the “Crocodile” magazine in June 1941 — May 1945. The author demonstrates that the comic images of the German women were considered as an important part of forming the enemy image and effective weapon of war propaganda. The “Crocodileˮ’s representations of the German women were ambivalent. On the one hand, the magazine represented them as victims of the Nazi regime that deemed to be misogynous in its essence. On the other, forming the image of total otherness of the Nazi Germany, the caricaturists assigned responsibility for the Nazi crimes at least to a part of female population. The negative image of the German women was produced as an antipode of the Soviet woman. That is why, apart from typical for war propaganda representations of the enemy women as deviating from the canons of traditional womanhood, the German women were attributed with the characteristics that juxtaposed them to the ideal of the Soviet woman: the lack of self-esteem, courage, and intellect. The German women were endowed with cruelty, the lack of compassion, greediness, egoism, inability to love, cowardice, and profligacy; the poverty of their worldview in which anti-Communist and racist prejudices dominated was emphasized. The specific feature of the “Crocodile” representations of these traits was that they became the object of not only condemning but mocking as well.",
keywords = "Великая Отечественная война, карикатура, образ врага, пропаганда, женственность, журнал {"}Крокодил{"}, Имагология, образ Германии в России, политический символ",
author = "Рябов, {Олег Вячеславович}",
year = "2019",
language = "русский",
pages = "84--92",
journal = "Ural'skij Istoriceskij Vestnik",
issn = "1728-9718",
publisher = "Ural Branch of RAS",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Женщины нацистской Германии в зеркале советской карикатуры (на материале журнала «Крокодил»)

AU - Рябов, Олег Вячеславович

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The article deals with analysis of the images of the Nazi Germany women created by the Soviet propaganda during the Great Patriotic War by means of satirical graphics. The base of the research is the caricatures published in the “Crocodile” magazine in June 1941 — May 1945. The author demonstrates that the comic images of the German women were considered as an important part of forming the enemy image and effective weapon of war propaganda. The “Crocodileˮ’s representations of the German women were ambivalent. On the one hand, the magazine represented them as victims of the Nazi regime that deemed to be misogynous in its essence. On the other, forming the image of total otherness of the Nazi Germany, the caricaturists assigned responsibility for the Nazi crimes at least to a part of female population. The negative image of the German women was produced as an antipode of the Soviet woman. That is why, apart from typical for war propaganda representations of the enemy women as deviating from the canons of traditional womanhood, the German women were attributed with the characteristics that juxtaposed them to the ideal of the Soviet woman: the lack of self-esteem, courage, and intellect. The German women were endowed with cruelty, the lack of compassion, greediness, egoism, inability to love, cowardice, and profligacy; the poverty of their worldview in which anti-Communist and racist prejudices dominated was emphasized. The specific feature of the “Crocodile” representations of these traits was that they became the object of not only condemning but mocking as well.

AB - The article deals with analysis of the images of the Nazi Germany women created by the Soviet propaganda during the Great Patriotic War by means of satirical graphics. The base of the research is the caricatures published in the “Crocodile” magazine in June 1941 — May 1945. The author demonstrates that the comic images of the German women were considered as an important part of forming the enemy image and effective weapon of war propaganda. The “Crocodileˮ’s representations of the German women were ambivalent. On the one hand, the magazine represented them as victims of the Nazi regime that deemed to be misogynous in its essence. On the other, forming the image of total otherness of the Nazi Germany, the caricaturists assigned responsibility for the Nazi crimes at least to a part of female population. The negative image of the German women was produced as an antipode of the Soviet woman. That is why, apart from typical for war propaganda representations of the enemy women as deviating from the canons of traditional womanhood, the German women were attributed with the characteristics that juxtaposed them to the ideal of the Soviet woman: the lack of self-esteem, courage, and intellect. The German women were endowed with cruelty, the lack of compassion, greediness, egoism, inability to love, cowardice, and profligacy; the poverty of their worldview in which anti-Communist and racist prejudices dominated was emphasized. The specific feature of the “Crocodile” representations of these traits was that they became the object of not only condemning but mocking as well.

KW - Великая Отечественная война

KW - карикатура

KW - образ врага

KW - пропаганда

KW - женственность

KW - журнал "Крокодил"

KW - Имагология

KW - образ Германии в России

KW - политический символ

M3 - статья

SP - 84

EP - 92

JO - Ural'skij Istoriceskij Vestnik

JF - Ural'skij Istoriceskij Vestnik

SN - 1728-9718

IS - 3

ER -