The Innokenty Lopatin and Friedrich Schmidt 1866 Yenissei (‘Turukhansk’) expedition: the first evidence of discovery of Norilsk-Talnakh Cu-Ni-PGE deposits

A V Kurguzova, M V Morozov

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

The history of the the discovery of world's largest Ni-Cu-PGM deposits of Norilsk-Talnakh is revised. The 1866 prospecting and geographic expedition of Innokenty Lopatin and Friedrich Schmidt, studied the lowest Yenissei territories, and collected information and mineralogical samples (chalcopyrite from 'copper slates') proving by this the presence of a copper ore deposit in the Norilsk mountains. The deposit was developed by at least two adits since 1865 and was managed by brothers Pyotr and Cyprian Sotnikov from the settlement of Dudino (now Dudinka). This information was documented in the diaries by I. Lopatin and was reported by F. Schmidt in transactions of the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences. After the 're-discovery' of the deposit in the 20th century the followers have ignored, omitted and incorrectly cited the information published by Friedrich Schmidt in 1869 and 1872, as well as its republishing made by Vladimir Obrutchev in 1917. The real sequence of events resulting in the discovery of Norilsk deposits has to be rewritten. In memoriam of Sergey Gorbunov (1952-2021), archaeologist, traveler, Sakhalin history specialist

Translated title of the contributionЕнисейская ("Туруханская") экспедиция 1866 г. Иннокентия Лопатина и Фридриха Шмидта: первое свидетельство о открытии Cu-Ni-МПГ Норильск-Талнахской группы месторождений
Original languageEnglish
Article number012054
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume962
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Jan 2022
Event Evolution of Biosphere and Technogenesis (2nd EBT 2021) - Чита, Russian Federation
Duration: 30 Aug 20212 Sep 2021

Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Innokenty Lopatin and Friedrich Schmidt 1866 Yenissei (‘Turukhansk’) expedition: the first evidence of discovery of Norilsk-Talnakh Cu-Ni-PGE deposits'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this