Дуализм в онтологии личности и аргумент мыслящего животного.

Богдан Владимирович Фауль

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The thinking animal argument is one of the central arguments in favor of animalism - a view in the ontology of persons which claims that we are human animals. This argument has had a great influence on the debates in the ontology of persons, but the discussion has primarily focused on metaphysical naturalism, according to which all the facts of the world depend on physical facts. How the thinking animal argument influences different kinds of dualism in personality ontology remains unclear in contemporary literature. In the first part of the article, the author briefly considers naturalistic strategies of rejecting the thinking animal argument. This is followed by an explication of the logical space of dualism in the personal ontology. For this purpose, the author uses distinctions from fundamental metaphysics. After that, the author analyses how different kinds of dualism reject the thinking animal argument. The author concludes that the thinking animal argument does not contain the heuristic potential for an
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)128-137
JournalВОПРОСЫ ФИЛОСОФИИ
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • animalism
  • dualism
  • ontology of persons
  • property dualism
  • substantial dualism
  • thinking animal argument
  • tropes
  • анимализм
  • аргумент мыслящего животного
  • дуализм
  • дуализм свойств
  • онтология личности
  • субстанциальный дуализм
  • тропы

Cite this