Healthcare environment in Russia: Before, after and 100 years after the Revolution

Research output

Abstract

The survey analyses the evolution of healthcare environmental design in Russia from the late 19th century to the present and evaluates its development potential. The main aspects considered are aesthetical and ethical, as they are key to architecture and landscape design. The problem is that by the end of the 20th century the faith in medicine itself destroyed the idea of healing power of environment, both built and natural. Similar changes appeared in the ethical aspect.
The research methodology includes bibliographical and archival research followed by iconographical and visual observation with compositional and statistical analysis. We examined some of the best examples of Russian healthcare architecture and public health trends before the Revolution, their transformation during the Soviet period and in some up-to-date complexes, mostly from Saint Petersburg, and compared them with foreign hospitals and healthcare research evidence.
The results of the survey demonstrate how the quality of public healthcare environments firstly grew, but then deteriorated during the Soviet period. The visual quality of healthcare architecture degraded from human-scale buildings to massive industrial forms. The approach to landscapes in hospitals decreased. After Perestroika, healthcare environments started losing their equity, demonstrating opposite design tendencies for different social classes. The amount of green areas per citizen decreases as the population density grows; most of the hospitals do not meet the needs of the patients and stuff.
Today we hope that a new revolution is coming into this sphere, as the Strategy of technological development of Russia-2016 suggests a new, patient-centered approach to healthcare and improving life quality, based on respect for natural processes and the human-nature connection. It is a chance to revive the best traditions of Russian healthcare design and adopt the best international practices. This could make healthy environments in Russian cities more available and qualitative than they are now.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017
EventHealth Equity: The New Urban Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals: 14th International Conference on Urban Health - Convent São Francisco Convention Centre, Коимбра
Duration: 26 Sep 201729 Sep 2017
Conference number: 14
http://www.globaleventslist.elsevier.com/events/2017/09/14th-international-conference-on-urban-health/

Conference

ConferenceHealth Equity: The New Urban Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals
Abbreviated titleICUH-2017
CountryPortugal
CityКоимбра
Period26/09/1729/09/17
Internet address

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health care
technological development
medicine
equity
public health
population density
statistical analysis
methodology
hospital

Cite this

Петрашень, Е. П., Макарова, В. Г., Толстова, А. А., Алферовский, К. А., & Вебер, Ю. О. (2017). Healthcare environment in Russia: Before, after and 100 years after the Revolution. Abstract from Health Equity: The New Urban Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals, Коимбра, .
Петрашень, Евгения Павловна ; Макарова, Виктория Германовна ; Толстова, Александра Андреевна ; Алферовский, Кирилл Алексеевич ; Вебер, Юрий Оттович. / Healthcare environment in Russia: Before, after and 100 years after the Revolution. Abstract from Health Equity: The New Urban Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals, Коимбра, .
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abstract = "The survey analyses the evolution of healthcare environmental design in Russia from the late 19th century to the present and evaluates its development potential. The main aspects considered are aesthetical and ethical, as they are key to architecture and landscape design. The problem is that by the end of the 20th century the faith in medicine itself destroyed the idea of healing power of environment, both built and natural. Similar changes appeared in the ethical aspect. The research methodology includes bibliographical and archival research followed by iconographical and visual observation with compositional and statistical analysis. We examined some of the best examples of Russian healthcare architecture and public health trends before the Revolution, their transformation during the Soviet period and in some up-to-date complexes, mostly from Saint Petersburg, and compared them with foreign hospitals and healthcare research evidence. The results of the survey demonstrate how the quality of public healthcare environments firstly grew, but then deteriorated during the Soviet period. The visual quality of healthcare architecture degraded from human-scale buildings to massive industrial forms. The approach to landscapes in hospitals decreased. After Perestroika, healthcare environments started losing their equity, demonstrating opposite design tendencies for different social classes. The amount of green areas per citizen decreases as the population density grows; most of the hospitals do not meet the needs of the patients and stuff.Today we hope that a new revolution is coming into this sphere, as the Strategy of technological development of Russia-2016 suggests a new, patient-centered approach to healthcare and improving life quality, based on respect for natural processes and the human-nature connection. It is a chance to revive the best traditions of Russian healthcare design and adopt the best international practices. This could make healthy environments in Russian cities more available and qualitative than they are now.",
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author = "Петрашень, {Евгения Павловна} and Макарова, {Виктория Германовна} and Толстова, {Александра Андреевна} and Алферовский, {Кирилл Алексеевич} and Вебер, {Юрий Оттович}",
note = "Petrashen E., Makarova V., Tolstova A., Alferowskii K., Veber Y. Healthcare environment in Russia: Before, after and 100 years after the Revolution. [Poster presentation]/ Health Equity: The new Urban Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals. 14th International Conference on Urban Health. 26–29 September 2017 Coimbra, Portugal. ; null ; Conference date: 26-09-2017 Through 29-09-2017",
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Healthcare environment in Russia: Before, after and 100 years after the Revolution. / Петрашень, Евгения Павловна; Макарова, Виктория Германовна; Толстова, Александра Андреевна; Алферовский, Кирилл Алексеевич; Вебер, Юрий Оттович.

2017. Abstract from Health Equity: The New Urban Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals, Коимбра, .

Research output

TY - CONF

T1 - Healthcare environment in Russia: Before, after and 100 years after the Revolution

AU - Петрашень, Евгения Павловна

AU - Макарова, Виктория Германовна

AU - Толстова, Александра Андреевна

AU - Алферовский, Кирилл Алексеевич

AU - Вебер, Юрий Оттович

N1 - Petrashen E., Makarova V., Tolstova A., Alferowskii K., Veber Y. Healthcare environment in Russia: Before, after and 100 years after the Revolution. [Poster presentation]/ Health Equity: The new Urban Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals. 14th International Conference on Urban Health. 26–29 September 2017 Coimbra, Portugal.

PY - 2017/9

Y1 - 2017/9

N2 - The survey analyses the evolution of healthcare environmental design in Russia from the late 19th century to the present and evaluates its development potential. The main aspects considered are aesthetical and ethical, as they are key to architecture and landscape design. The problem is that by the end of the 20th century the faith in medicine itself destroyed the idea of healing power of environment, both built and natural. Similar changes appeared in the ethical aspect. The research methodology includes bibliographical and archival research followed by iconographical and visual observation with compositional and statistical analysis. We examined some of the best examples of Russian healthcare architecture and public health trends before the Revolution, their transformation during the Soviet period and in some up-to-date complexes, mostly from Saint Petersburg, and compared them with foreign hospitals and healthcare research evidence. The results of the survey demonstrate how the quality of public healthcare environments firstly grew, but then deteriorated during the Soviet period. The visual quality of healthcare architecture degraded from human-scale buildings to massive industrial forms. The approach to landscapes in hospitals decreased. After Perestroika, healthcare environments started losing their equity, demonstrating opposite design tendencies for different social classes. The amount of green areas per citizen decreases as the population density grows; most of the hospitals do not meet the needs of the patients and stuff.Today we hope that a new revolution is coming into this sphere, as the Strategy of technological development of Russia-2016 suggests a new, patient-centered approach to healthcare and improving life quality, based on respect for natural processes and the human-nature connection. It is a chance to revive the best traditions of Russian healthcare design and adopt the best international practices. This could make healthy environments in Russian cities more available and qualitative than they are now.

AB - The survey analyses the evolution of healthcare environmental design in Russia from the late 19th century to the present and evaluates its development potential. The main aspects considered are aesthetical and ethical, as they are key to architecture and landscape design. The problem is that by the end of the 20th century the faith in medicine itself destroyed the idea of healing power of environment, both built and natural. Similar changes appeared in the ethical aspect. The research methodology includes bibliographical and archival research followed by iconographical and visual observation with compositional and statistical analysis. We examined some of the best examples of Russian healthcare architecture and public health trends before the Revolution, their transformation during the Soviet period and in some up-to-date complexes, mostly from Saint Petersburg, and compared them with foreign hospitals and healthcare research evidence. The results of the survey demonstrate how the quality of public healthcare environments firstly grew, but then deteriorated during the Soviet period. The visual quality of healthcare architecture degraded from human-scale buildings to massive industrial forms. The approach to landscapes in hospitals decreased. After Perestroika, healthcare environments started losing their equity, demonstrating opposite design tendencies for different social classes. The amount of green areas per citizen decreases as the population density grows; most of the hospitals do not meet the needs of the patients and stuff.Today we hope that a new revolution is coming into this sphere, as the Strategy of technological development of Russia-2016 suggests a new, patient-centered approach to healthcare and improving life quality, based on respect for natural processes and the human-nature connection. It is a chance to revive the best traditions of Russian healthcare design and adopt the best international practices. This could make healthy environments in Russian cities more available and qualitative than they are now.

KW - здоровые города

KW - Устойчивое развитие

KW - повестка дня на 21 век

KW - дизайн среды

KW - архитектура для здравоохранения

KW - environmental design

KW - healthcare architecture

KW - Sustainable development

KW - history of architecture

M3 - Abstract

ER -

Петрашень ЕП, Макарова ВГ, Толстова АА, Алферовский КА, Вебер ЮО. Healthcare environment in Russia: Before, after and 100 years after the Revolution. 2017. Abstract from Health Equity: The New Urban Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals, Коимбра, .