Диагностическая значимость оторинолангологической и офтальмологической патологии у пациентов, страдающих нейросифилисом, инфицированных вирусом иммунодефицита человека.

И.А, Орлова, С.И. Теличко, И.О. Смирнова, В.Ю. Дудко, А.Б. Пирятинская, И.Н. Теличко

Research outputpeer-review

Abstract

It was found that eye damage can be considered as a marker of neurosyphilis. Similar data regarding the diagnostic value of damage to the ears, nose and throat in patients with syphilis infected with human immunodeficiency virus are single. It was revealed that neurological symptoms in patients suffering from neurosyphilis are equally common in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus and those not infected with this virus (42,2 and 44,7%, respectively). In other cases, the disease is asymptomatic. At the same time, specific damage to the eyes, ears, nose and throat is diagnosed in 57,8% of patients with neurosyphilis infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. The structure of the specific damage to the ears, nose and throat in patients suffering from neurosyphilis infected with the human immunodeficiency virus is presented in 30,7% of cases with specific angina, in 15,3% - decrease in bone conduction, in 7,6% - hearing loss and in 46, 10% - other unspecified symptoms. The structure of the damage to the organ of vision was papillitis - 38,4%, anterior uveitis and panuveitis - 23,1 and 15,3%, respectively. Neuroveitis, retinal angiopathy, and peripheral chorioretinal dystrophy were equally common in 7,6%. For patients suffering from neurosyphilis infected with the human immunodeficiency virus, a combination of damage to the eyes, ears, nose and throat is characteristic. In particular, in one patient a combination of specific tonsillitis with papillitis was noted, in the other with uveitis. Thus, specific damage to the eyes, ears, nose and throat is characteristic of patients suffering from neurosyphilis infected with the human immunodeficiency virus.
Translated title of the contributionDIAGNOSTIC SIGNIFICANCE OF OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGICAL AND OPHTHALMIC PATHOLOGY IN PATIENTS SUFFERING FROM NEUROSYPHILIS INFECTED WITH HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)23-26
JournalВЕСТНИК РОССИЙСКОЙ ВОЕННО-МЕДИЦИНСКОЙ АКАДЕМИИ
Volume70
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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