The Glorious Revolution of 1688-1689 in England was a unique example of the exceptional unity of social and political forces, but which after a few months was replaced by ideological, political and religious controversies. Theoretical views on the principles of the revolution played an important role in the origin of this instability. In contrast to the ideas of the Whigs and the Low Church leaders about the right of resistance, the High Church clergy and the Tories defended the divine right and passive obedience doctrines. Clashes between Whigs and Tories, Low and High Church reached its climax during the trial of Dr. Henry Sacheverell in 1709-1710, prosecuted for the public insult of the Whig interpretation of the Glorious Revolution. The author analyzes the causes of this trial, examining interpretations of the Glorious Revolution, and explores the riots in London in support of the doctor caused by the growth of his popularity. The article concludes that the process over the preacher has become a discourse of the legitimacy of the English constitutional government. Despite the formal victory of the Whigs, the doctor and his doctrines were in demand by society. In the short term, this ensured the victory of the Tories in 1710 elections and their retention of power till the Hanover succession. But after 1714 the reactionary clerics like Sacheverell were out of work, while Whigs finally approved their view over the Glorious Revolution in the Kingdom and won the battle for the Church, reducing the severity of religious question.
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
Scopus subject areas
- Political Science and International Relations