Два полугодия и два Новых года в индийском календаре.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This article attempts to look into some Indian calendar festivals, their relations to agricultural seasons and the roles of those considered as New Year festivals by different groups of Indian population. A visitor to India can notice that the formal dates of the New Year there are not one and they are less popular than calendar festivals connected to agricultural activities. This article attempts to trace the origins of festivals connected to the New Year and other important calendar dates. It analyzes Indian calendar systems, lunar and solar months and fortnights, as well as the following festivals: Makara Sanskranti, Vaishakhi (Baishakhi), Holi and Diwali. It is argued that the lunar calendar has been very important in South Asia since the time of the Ancient Indus Civilization. Indians paid much attention to the lunar days, half- months and months and days of ‘travel’ of Moon from one ‘star home’ to another. Agricultural seasons were connected in a greater degree to the solar calendar. In the days of the
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)129-151
Issue number2 (8)
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • autumn-winter agricultural season
  • Baishakhi
  • calendar
  • Diwali
  • festivals
  • Holi
  • india
  • Makara-Sankranti
  • NEW Year
  • spring- summer agricultural season
  • Байшакхи
  • Дивали
  • индия
  • календарь
  • Макара-санкранти
  • новый год
  • осенне-зимний и весенне-летний сельскохозяйственные циклы
  • праздники
  • холи

Cite this