Introduction. The development of the construction industry is accompanied by the use of new technologies and building materials. Materials based on mineral wool (MW) became to be widely used. The article presents the results of the study of working environment factors and the determination of the safe for health work experience based on the health risk calculation for workers in contact with MW. Material and methods. To quantify the air pollution of the working area at the construction site, samples were taken using an aspirator and a dust meter. An absorption method using a spectrophotometer was used to determine the chemical composition of the dust. Statistical analysis and mathematical modeling were carried out using a standard software package Microsoft Excel, STADIA. Results. A table for the rapid health risk assessment of workers in contact with MW was developed. The risk of health loss is determined as "High" (R = 11.3). Discussion. Working conditions under the performance of heat-insulating works at facades cladding with the use of MW are classified as harmful (class 3.2) on the dust content in working zone air. In the course of the study, coarse dust and fine dust were found in the air. The data on the change of the dust concentration depending on air humidity, the concentration of dust particles of different dispersion at different distances from the place of work is presented. The chemical composition of dust is presented, the presence of heavy metals is established. Dependences for the determination of safe for health work experience under the influence of the various concentration of dust and the duration of contact are constructed. Conclusions. On the basis of the research to improve the legal support in the field of occupational health and safety, a number of activities for workers engaged in work with the use of MW are proposed.
|Translated title of the contribution||The hygienic assessment of the working environment in individual occupations in building organizations|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||ГИГИЕНА И САНИТАРИЯ|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2018|
Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis