Gpr studies of the thermocline on fresh-water lakes

Nikita Bobrov, Aleksei Titov, Alexey Krekhov

Research output


A thermocline is a layer of water in which a vertical temperature gradient is observed. On freshwater lakes, it is caused by seasonal warming of the surface layer. In the absence of wind mixing, the upper water layer is heated relatively uniformly, the temperature in the lower layer does not change. The temperature transition between the surface and bottom layers creates a thermocline. Since a change in water temperature leads to a change in its electrical conductivity and dielectric constant, a thermocline can be detected using ground penetrating radar (GPR), a method based on recording short electromagnetic pulses reflected from the boundaries of layers with different electrical properties. That is why GPR can be effectively used in hydrological studies. Studies of thermocline with GPR have been conducted for several years on freshwater lakes in Karelia, Russia. The OKO-2 instrument with a 150 MHz antenna unit was used, which was placed in an inflatable boat. Data on the water temperature were collected by a special thermistor chain at the same time as the GPR data. A layer with a significant temperature gradient was detected, which gives clear reflections on radargrams, its fine structure and changes with time were investigated. The article presents the results of field measurements, as well as the physical and numerical modeling of the propagation of GPR signals in the gradient layer.

Translated title of the contributionГеорадарные исследования термоклина на пресноводных озерах
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication19th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference, SGEM 2019
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings
PublisherInternational Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference
ISBN (Electronic)9786197408768, 9786197408775, 9786197408782, 9786197408799, 9786197408805, 9786197408812, 9786197408829, 9786197408836, 9786197408843, 9786197408850, 9786197408867, 9786197408874, 9786197408881, 9786197408898
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2019
Event19th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference, SGEM 2019 - Albena
Duration: 30 Jun 20196 Jul 2019

Publication series

NameInternational Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM
ISSN (Print)1314-2704


Conference19th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference, SGEM 2019

Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geology

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