ГЕНДЕРНЫЕ РАЗЛИЧИЯ ИНДИВИДУАЛЬНО-ПСИХОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИК У ПОДРОСТКОВ С РАЗЛИЧНЫМ УРОВНЕМ ПРОЯВЛЕНИЙ ИНТЕРНЕТ-ЗАВИСИМОГО ПОВЕДЕНИЯ

А.В. Трусова, А.Е. Канашов, А.А. Ангеловский, Е.Л. Варакосова, Т.С. Жидкова, А.В. Сафонова, З.Г. Лукманова, Е.И. Бердецких, М.А. Абрамцев, Л.Ю. Пескишева, С.Ш. Алиева, К.Г. Пахнева

Research output

Abstract

A study of 1119 school students aged 15-18 years was conducted to identify the prevalence of symptoms of Internet addiction (IA), to examine gender specificity of the symptoms of IA and individual psychological factors that are significant for its development. A minimum risk of IA was found in 31.2% of the school students examined, a moderate risk in 58.4% and a high risk/pronounced symptoms of IA in 10.4%. The study revealed significant gender differences both in the manifestations of Internet-addictive behavior and in the specificity of individual psychological risk factors of IA in adolescents. In general, girls showed more manifestions of Internet addictive behavior, more pronounced symptoms of compulsive use, withdrawal, tolerance, key symptoms and had a higher total score on the Chen Internet Addiction Scale. In the group with a high risk/presence of IA, symptoms of withdrawal were more pronounced only in the girl group, i.e., when it was impossible to use the Internet/a device with Internet access, the girls were more prone to mood swings, to be depressive, irritable, anxious, etc. The study showed that girls could be vulnerable to IA development due to emotional distress (alexithymia, fear of negative evaluation, social anxiety and prevalence of negative affectivity). In the group with a moderate risk of IA, male school students had more pronounced negative consequences of IA, as well as a more negative perception of relationships with father. Relationships with father also seemed to be more problematic in the group of young men with a high risk of IA. Gender specificity in parenting style perception was revealed only in the groups of adolescents with moderate and high risks of IA and only in relation to fathers, but not mothers. These studies can serve as the basis for the development of targeted and gender-specific programs of IA prevention and early interventions among school students.
Translated title of the contributionGENDER DIFFERENCES IN INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ADOLESCENTS WITH DIFFERENT LEVELS OF INTERNET ADDICTION SYMPTOMS
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)45-62
JournalВОПРОСЫ НАРКОЛОГИИ
Issue number4(187)
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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