Great Miscalculation of David Cameron

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Abstract

This review essay focuses on the monograph of the British researcher A.Glenkross. It is devoted to the key topic in international discussions — Britain’s exit from the EU.In view of a plenty of the literature appearing now concerning Brexit, A.Glenkross is one of the few scholars who analyzes its political reasons. As follows from the book, the main reasons which have led to the referendum on British membership in EU as well as to D.Cameron’s defeat were, firstly, the results of 2015 UK General Elections. The vote revealed disagreements among British citizens. According to D.Cameron, after improving the terms of membership the referendum was to reconcile two opposing camps by the results of vote to which the minority would be compelled to obey. Secondly, different political traditions of Britain and the EU that delivered discomfort for the British political tradition and for the way of life. As a result, Britain tried to withdraw EU from closer integration towards federal union getting the nickname of «the strange partner». The author emphasizes that D.Cameron’s negotiations with EU prior to the referendum were “the valiant final attempt to make it work for Britain, but for the majority of the British voters EU has not proved sufficient flexibility”. Thirdly, the growth of political influence of Eurosceptics led to the vote on EU membership. Lack of reforms within EU which could be suited with the British played into the hands of Eurosceptics who claimed that the EU was unreformable and heading towards federal union. Fourthly, there was organized and well-funded opposition, namely, the Party of independence of the United Kingdom. In conclusion the author summarizes that David Cameron’s gamble proved a great miscalculation with bad consequences for the UK domestic as well as foreign policy in the near future. He claims that for the settlement of constitutional issues a referendum as an element of direct democracy is not suitable.
Translated title of the contributionВеликий просчет Дэвида Кэмерона
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-310
JournalВЕСТНИК САНКТ-ПЕТЕРБУРГСКОГО УНИВЕРСИТЕТА. ИСТОРИЯ
Volume63
Issue number1
StatePublished - 10 Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes

Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

Keywords

  • Brexit
  • great miscalculation
  • referendum
  • renegotiation
  • Common market

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