Mafic Magmatism of Northeastern Fennoscandia (2.06–1.86 Ga): Geochemistry of Volcanic Rocks and Correlation with Dike Complexes

A. A. Arzamastsev, A. V. Stepanova, A. V. Samsonov, P. K. Skuf’in, E. B. Salnikova, A. N. Larionov, Yu O. Larionova, S. V. Egorova, K. G. Erofeeva

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract—: The comprehensive geochemical and isotopic-geochronological study of Early Proterozoic volcanic rocks in structure of the Polmak–Pechenga–Imandra–Varzuga belt and dikes and sills of the Murmansk and Kola–Norwegian terranes is conducted. Abundant swarms of mafic dikes (2.06–1.86 Ga) are established in the northwestern frame of the belt, including swarms of metadolerites (2060 ± 6 Ma), ferropicrites and gabbronorites (1983 ± 5 Ma), and poikilophitic dolerites (1860 ± 4 Ma). The comparison of volcanic rocks of the Pechenga and Imandra–Varzuga structures shows asynchronous change in volcanism style, with a significant time lapse. The geochemical features of volcanic rocks of the Tominga Formation are typical of those of continental magmatism and can hardly be correlated with those of the Pilguyarvi Formation. According to isotopic-geochronological data, depleted mantle melts in the Pechenga and Imandra–Varzuga zones intruded at 2010–1970 and 1970–1980 Ma, respectively. The analysis of the conditions of formation of volcanic series shows that Neoarchean lithospheric mantle, which produced melts with low Zr/Nb ratios, was a source for primary melts of the Kuetsjarvi Formation of the Pechenga structure and their homologs of the Imandra–Varzuga structure. In contrast, the volcanic rocks of the Kolasjoki Formation, which were weakly contaminated with crustal material, and the related Ilmozero Formation, as well as the metadolerite dikes of the Kirkenes region, were sourced mostly from asthenosphere with separation of melt above the garnet stability depth. The formation of the volcanic rocks of the Pilguyarvi Formation is related, judging from the geochemical data, to two asthenospheric sources different in depth, which produced tholeiitic and ferropicritic melts.

Translated title of the contributionБазитовый магматизм северо-восточной части Фенноскандии в конце палеопротерозоя 2.06 – 1.86 млрд лет: геохимия вулканитов и корреляция с дайковыми комплексами
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-34
Number of pages34
JournalStratigraphy and Geological Correlation
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020

Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Stratigraphy
  • Paleontology

Keywords

  • dikes
  • Imandra–Varzuga structure
  • Kola Peninsula
  • Pechenga structure
  • Precambrian
  • volcanic rocks

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